Researcher Toolkit - Assessing Causes

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Learn about ways to assess the causes of diagnostic errors.

Many studies of diagnostic errors have concluded that cognitive and systems factors are often both present and interact to lead to errors. We have highlighted some important studies examining the causes of diagnostic error and have categorized them into mainly cognitive-focused vs. mainly system-focused, recognizing that some overlap remains.

Cognitive View

System View

  • General
  • Diagnostic tests
  • Follow-up and tracking
  • Communication/Coordination of care