Process Checklists

These address common cognitive shortcomings that contribute to diagnostic error, as noted in prior research studies

A General Checklist
Mark L Graber et al (6)
A Process Checklist
William Follansbee et al- University of Pittsburgh
A General Checklist
Timothy Krohe
Ten Commandments to Reduce Cognitive Errors
Leo Leonidas
The SAFER Checklist
Robert Trowbridge
The THINK Checklist
Lara Kothari
VITAMIN CC&D Attribution unknown
TAKE 2 – Think, DO
Clinical Excellence Commission
Red Team – Blue Team
Clinical Excellence Commission
Red Team- Blue Team New South Wales Australia

Amanda Walker, Clinical Director;Tracy Clark,Project Lead


  1. Gawande A. The Checklist Manifesto - How to Get Things Right. New York, NY: Metropolitan Books; Henry Holt and Company, LLC; 2009.
  2. Pronovost P, Needham D, Berenholz S, Sinopoli D, Chu H, Cosgrove S, et al.- An intervention to decrease catheter-related bloodstream infections in the ICU. N Engl J Med. 2006;355:2725-32.
  3. Boat AC, Spaeth JP. Handoff -checklists improve the reliability of patient handoffs in the operating room and postanesthesia care unit. Paediatr Anaesth. 2013;23:647-54.
  4. Haynes AB, Weiser TG, Berry WR, Lipsitz SR, Breizat AHS, et al.- A surgical safety checklist to reduce morbidity and mortality in a global population. N Engl J Med. 2010;360:491-9.
  5. Bordage G.- Why did I miss the diagnosis? Some cognitive explanations and educational implications. Acad Med. 1999;74(10 Suppl):S138-43.
  6. Graber M, Sorensen A, Biswas J, Modi V, Wackett A, Johnson S, et al.- Developing checklists to prevent diagnostic error in Emergency Room settings. Diagnosis. 2014;1(3):223-31.
  7. Ely JW, Graber ML, Croskerry P.- Checklists to reduce diagnostic errors. Academic Medicine. 2011;Mar;86(3):307-13.



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